A Season
The particular, stable weather of the country depends on the mountains around the Carpatian Basin, which hold off the cold-waves and arrest the in-going fronts. The season starts at March until the middle of September.

Spring:
At spring we pay particular attention to the peace of the apiary. We have to rise up the population of our colonies strongly, because our main nectar source - the acacia - blooms from the middle of May. The spring arrives early in April, the bee-flying starts a bit earlier, in March. Thus the number of the bees have to quadruplicate, through very few weeks. That means, we have to care of even one bee as a treasure. On these days we give them warm water to water them, sugar syrup to feed them, medicines against Nosema, or even we rise fences around the apiary, against the wind.
Two weeks before the start of bloom of acacia we give few foundationed frames in the nest, and close down the queen from the other frames by a queen excluder. We have to downsize the colony, because there is no too much nectar source after the acacia. By this method, the uprised population, which has collected the acacia-honey, die out on natural way after when the bloom ends.
Under the acacia blooming we migrate two or three times, because there are early-, mid- and late blooming, what depend on the altitude of place of the acacia forest. With the migrating we can get one week more for nectar collecting.

Summer:
After the acacia we try to make less the number of the Varroa in the hives by medicines as Apistan, Perizin, and Bayvarol. This time is very good for it. And really good to rear queens, change the old queens to new one, and to make new colonies too.
At July we migrate to sunflower fields. After the sunflower we make ready the colonies for the winter. Firstly we take away all of the honey from them. Then we feed them with sugar syrup, until they have 15-20 kg / 35-45 pounds food. We put warming covers inside and / or outside of the hive. These can be few layers of newspapers, corrugated paper, mat, or even foam rubber with heat mirror. The colonies winter over on two hive body.

Autumn, Winter:
At September we use medicine against Varroa. After then there is just the shop-work. We make new hives, frames, and other equipment. Repair everything what it needs. And waiting for the next spring...

---------------------------

Equipments
Hives:
There are a lot of varieties of hives in Hungary. The mostly used type is the "Nagy Boczonádi", or shortly: "NB". Its frame is huge. The dimensions of it: 42 cm wide and 36 cm high. This hive is called "long-" or "coffin hive". It has no supers, just one stage of frames. Usually this hive contains 14-24 frames. If it has 24 frames, it works with two queens. The nest is separated from the honey by a vertical queen excluder, to one side or even the middle of the frames.
The coffin hive is / was commonly used in Russia, Slovakia, Moldavia, Georgia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, but also in Austria and other European countries as well.
Some beekeepers use the NB frames in one hive body and one super.
The "Hunor" hive has one hive body and two supers. Its frame is 42 cm wide and 27 cm high.
The other prevailed type is the "Fél Boczonádi", whose frame is half high as the NB. The number of this is growing actually. It has two hive bodies and three supers. Its frame is 42 cm wide and 18 cm high. Some beekeepers use these hive bodies and supers mixedly.
Containerized hives: Some of us use "containers". It is very good to migrate. It contains from 24 to 60 hives. Usually there are three stages of row of hives on both side of the container. There is an inner work place, a corridor between the back of the hives. Some containers are built on a truck, some of them can put down.

Locations:
The locations are kind of "owned" places, which can descend in the family, against they don't hold that land. But the beginner beekeepers can find locations for their bees.

Extractors:
In our extractors have room for 3-60 (the common ones have only 4) frames. They are whirled by hand or they are motorized.

Uncappers:
We use capping scratchers, steam or electrically heated knives or simply knives.

Protecting clothes:
Mainly the older ones don't use any protecting clothes. They work on this way, because the Carnolian bees are gentle and calm. But the common beekeepers use veil, gloves and protecting clothes.

Loading:
Generally we hire loaders to load our hives to the truck. Some of us use crane or forklift.

---------------------------

Bee Diseases in Hungary

There is a well working system in Hungary, which can help us really good. The physical condition of our bees must be checked by a local health-inspector, before every migrating, as well as before and after the season. The health-inspectors are not veterinarians, but usually well educated, experienced beekeepers. If they find something wrong in the apiary, they give advice about medicines, cures, as well as about working methods, if someone needs.

But there is an exception: the American Foulbrood. The beekeepers have to check this disease by themselves too. The Hungarian law says: every hives of the apiary (included bees, frames with honey, pollen and wax) have to be destroyed (partly or entirely) by fire, where the AFB has founded in. But if the beekeeper takes notice of AFB earlier than the health-inspector, the Ministry of Agriculture will pay back the 90% of the loss. The law says some other: the locality of the infected apiary have to be in quarantine. To migrate from there is not allowed through 90 days.
Annually the American Foulbrood rises its ugly head in 10-20 apiaries. To use any treatment or medicine is not allowed in Hungary. The European Foulbrood can happen too, but it may treat.

At the 50's, there was a rage epidemic of Nosema Apis among the bees. Presently we use Fumagillin DHC against this disease. The Tracheal mite doesn't cause real problems.
Our main problem is the Varroa mite. It arrived in 1978 from the south-eastern direction. The mites destroyed the 70% of the colonies in 1978. We use formic acid, Perizin, Apistan or Bayvarol against Varroa.

The Acosphaera Apis caused an epidemic of Chalkbrood Disease in 1955.

The other wrong-doer is the Bee-eater (Merops Apiaster). Their big bevies make a lot of problems, but they are protected.
There are other animals, which cause more-less problems, but those are not important.

----------------------

History of the Hungarian Beekeeping

The Hungarian beekeeping looks back on a long history:

At the Capital of Province Pannonia of the Roman Empire (western part of the present Hungary), what is named Aquincum, the archeologists have found shapes for parliament-cake making. It must have been expert beekeeping behind of this craft.

Barbarian tribes came this area, after the downcoming of The Roman Empire, but they did not know too much about bees.

Later the bee hunting became the main method of getting honey. The honey hunters did not plunder the bees downright, thus the colony could overvinter. Trusted in it, the hunters signed their trees.

In 1015, the parliament-cake makers (pistardus) were mentioned on the papers of Monastery of Pécsvárad. Also some skeps were mentioned on the warrant of the Abbey of Tihany.

In a very important battle, the protectors of Fortress Nándorfehérvár threw down skeps onto the obsidians.

In the medieval, (during the reign of King Matthias, this time was the golden age of Hungary), the venders exported Hungarian honey, parliament-cake and beeswax to the neighboring countries. In this time, two pints of honey were equal a pint lard, or five pints of honey were equal a cartful of shingle.

Nicholas Horhi's book about the bee keeping was printed in the seventeenth century. There were a lot of superstitions in this book, its title was Tractatum de Apibus. (1636)

In 1770, Queen Mary-Theresa founded a beekeeper school. The teachers instructed the students how to use tools, equipment, how to rear queens, catch swarms, and how to harvest honey. There were 30 colony in the bee yard of the school.

The beekeeping was introduced as part of of the curriculum of the so called "Georgicon", the first agricultural college in Europe, in 1789.

The conventional beekeepers harvested honey by killing their bees, and after they cut out the combs of the skep. From 1794, Samuel Tessedik kept his bees without this method. He did a lot to plant Acacia and other good nectar sources around Hungary.

In the nineteenth century, the peasantry didn't run on beekeeping, thus it became hobby of the teachers, pastors and landowners.

Josef Jakab kept his bees in hives, which contained frames with honeycomb, in the end of the century, at the town Komárom. Some historian researcher says it was in 1840. (!)

Boczonádi showed his hive at first time in 1913. It has 24 frames, which dimensions are 42cm x 36cm. This hive is mostly used actually.

Presently 16.700 beekeepers and 690.400 hives are in Hungary. The average number of hives per beekeeper is 41. Only few full-time beekeeper works here, whom have 400-700 hives. The colonies produce annually 10-17.000 tons of honey for the Hungarian and foreign markets. We export 7-15.000 tons of honey every year. We take 1% from the world honey trade and 8-10% from market of the European Union.

----------------------

Bee Forage
There is 800 variety of plants which produce nectar or pollen in Hungary. But only 40-50 varieties give surplusage to the beekeepers.
Hungary has good climatic, topographical and other natural features. Its large planted forests, nice flowery meadow lands and agricultural plants accommodate our bees with everything, what they need for.

The mostly important plants of our bee forage in blooming order:
Hazel (Corylus avellana). Willow-tree (Salix Alba). Almond (Amydalus communis). Apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris). Maple (Acer plataniodes, A. pseudo-platanus, A. campestre). Plum (Prunus domestica). Cherry-tree (Cerasus avium). Sour (Cerasus vulgaris). Coleseed (Brassica napus oleifera). Apple (Malus domestica). Cow-grass (Trifolium incarnatum). White mustard (Sinapsis alba). Acacia or Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Linden (Tilia platyphyllos, T. argentea, T. cordata). Raspberry (Rubus idaeus). Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). Chestnut (Castanea sativa). Sweet clover (Melilotus albus, M. officinalis). Evodia-tree (Evodia huphensis). Phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia). Silkweed (Asclepias syriaca). White clover (Trifolium repens). Sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Woundwort (Stachys annua). Golden-rod (Solidago).

Our main nectar source is the Acacia or Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Its bloom starts in the very early of the season, about from middle of May, through 20 days. Unfortunately, it feels the cold. But its honey is really great: delicious, clean, white-greenish colored and not able to crystallize through three years (!). The acacia forests don't require pesticides, and we reck not to use any medicine through the blooming, thus this honey is not containing any rest of chemicals.

There are a lot of hybrids of sunflower what gives honey, not only pollen. Its honey has golden yellow color. It is very good to turn it to creamed honey.

These are the plants from which our bees collect harvestable pollen: oak (Quercus), rape (Brassica napus), phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), squash (Cucurbita), and the golden-rod (Solidago).

----------------------

About Hungary

Hungary is at the eastern part of Europe. The nearby countries: Slovakia, Ukraina, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria. There are about ten million people on this little, nice and green land. Our land is in the Carpatian Basin. The mountains around the basin give us good, stable weather.

We are called Hungarians, but we call ourselves to "Magyar", after our ancestors. The ancestors came from somewhere far North-East-Asia. Seven nomadic tribes arrived to the today territory of Hungary, in 896. Thus this country is 1100 years old. Our only heritage is this strange language (it has Mongolian, Turkish, Finnish and Slavonic vocabulary, with mixed grammar of these).We have many wars in or history, because this is a puffer state. It lays on the border of Eastern and Western Empires.

Two big rivers flow across the country: the Duna (Danube) and the Tisza. Here is the biggest lake of Europe: the Lake Balaton. There are many forests, two big fertile plains, and few mountains (hills) in Hungary. The best times to visit this country are the spring and the summer, when everything is green. (But the fall and the winter are good too.) The climate is continental, temperate. Variable, but generally very pleasant. The summers are hot (32°C/90°F) and humid, the winters are mild (-10°C/14°F) and wet.

Our Capital is Budapest. About two million people are living here. Every fifth subject lives here. This town was effectly two towns: Buda and Pest. ("Pest" does not mean anything wrong in Hungarian. Originally it means "furnace, oven". Buda means water, because it has about hundred thermal springs). The town is separated in her middle by the Danube river. Buda is mountainous, Pest is plain. It is simply beautiful. The sight of the city is on the World Heritage List.

It is a nice country. Worth to come and see.

---------------------------

Our Honey

Acacia or Black Locust: A sweat, soft and less acidic honey, with the flavor and perfume of the acacia flowers. This is a really great honey. We very proud of it. Delicious, clean, white-greenish colored and not able to crystallize through three years (!). The acacia forests don't require pesticides, and we reck not to use any medicine through the blooming, thus this honey is not containing any rest of chemicals.

Sunflower: Golden yellow, but it darkens by age. Its flavor strong, acidic, but really delicious. It is able to crystallize quickly, but it is very good for creamed honey.

Rape: Yellow, less acidic. It turns white by the rapid crystallization.

Linden flower: Its is in variety colors. Usually brownish. It has a very strong perfume and pleasant taste. Used against bronchitis.

Silkweed: It has very strong, special spicy perfume and flavor. It is a kind of Hungarian specialty.

Chestnut: Yellowish-brown colored. This honey has high mineral content. It has the perfume of the chestnut flowers. Its aftertaste is slightly bitter.

Other varieties: We produce varieties of honey in small quantities, like phacelia, woundwort, euphorbia and many others.

---------------------------

A Season
The particular, stable weather of the country depends on the mountains around the Carpatian Basin, which hold off the cold-waves and arrest the in-going fronts. The season starts at March until the middle of September.

Spring:
At spring we pay particular attention to the peace of the apiary. We have to rise up the population of our colonies strongly, because our main nectar source - the acacia - blooms from the middle of May. The spring arrives early in April, the bee-flying starts a bit earlier, in March. Thus the number of the bees have to quadruplicate, through very few weeks. That means, we have to care of even one bee as a treasure. On these days we give them warm water to water them, sugar syrup to feed them, medicines against Nosema, or even we rise fences around the apiary, against the wind.
Two weeks before the start of bloom of acacia we give few foundationed frames in the nest, and close down the queen from the other frames by a queen excluder. We have to downsize the colony, because there is no too much nectar source after the acacia. By this method, the uprised population, which has collected the acacia-honey, die out on natural way after when the bloom ends.
Under the acacia blooming we migrate two or three times, because there are early-, mid- and late blooming, what depend on the altitude of place of the acacia forest. With the migrating we can get one week more for nectar collecting.

Summer:
After the acacia we try to make less the number of the Varroa in the hives by medicines as Apistan, Perizin, and Bayvarol. This time is very good for it. And really good to rear queens, change the old queens to new one, and to make new colonies too.
At July we migrate to sunflower fields. After the sunflower we make ready the colonies for the winter. Firstly we take away all of the honey from them. Then we feed them with sugar syrup, until they have 15-20 kg / 35-45 pounds food. We put warming covers inside and / or outside of the hive. These can be few layers of newspapers, corrugated paper, mat, or even foam rubber with heat mirror. The colonies winter over on two hive body.

Autumn, Winter:
At September we use medicine against Varroa. After then there is just the shop-work. We make new hives, frames, and other equipment. Repair everything what it needs. And waiting for the next spring...

---------------------------

Equipments
Hives:
There are a lot of varieties of hives in Hungary. The mostly used type is the "Nagy Boczonádi", or shortly: "NB". Its frame is huge. The dimensions of it: 42 cm wide and 36 cm high. This hive is called "long-" or "coffin hive". It has no supers, just one stage of frames. Usually this hive contains 14-24 frames. If it has 24 frames, it works with two queens. The nest is separated from the honey by a vertical queen excluder, to one side or even the middle of the frames.
The coffin hive is / was commonly used in Russia, Slovakia, Moldavia, Georgia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, but also in Austria and other European countries as well.
Some beekeepers use the NB frames in one hive body and one super.
The "Hunor" hive has one hive body and two supers. Its frame is 42 cm wide and 27 cm high.
The other prevailed type is the "Fél Boczonádi", whose frame is half high as the NB. The number of this is growing actually. It has two hive bodies and three supers. Its frame is 42 cm wide and 18 cm high. Some beekeepers use these hive bodies and supers mixedly.
Containerized hives: Some of us use "containers". It is very good to migrate. It contains from 24 to 60 hives. Usually there are three stages of row of hives on both side of the container. There is an inner work place, a corridor between the back of the hives. Some containers are built on a truck, some of them can put down.

Locations:
The locations are kind of "owned" places, which can descend in the family, against they don't hold that land. But the beginner beekeepers can find locations for their bees.

Extractors:
In our extractors have room for 3-60 (the common ones have only 4) frames. They are whirled by hand or they are motorized.

Uncappers:
We use capping scratchers, steam or electrically heated knives or simply knives.

Protecting clothes:
Mainly the older ones don't use any protecting clothes. They work on this way, because the Carnolian bees are gentle and calm. But the common beekeepers use veil, gloves and protecting clothes.

Loading:
Generally we hire loaders to load our hives to the truck. Some of us use crane or forklift.

---------------------------

Bee Diseases in Hungary

There is a well working system in Hungary, which can help us really good. The physical condition of our bees must be checked by a local health-inspector, before every migrating, as well as before and after the season. The health-inspectors are not veterinarians, but usually well educated, experienced beekeepers. If they find something wrong in the apiary, they give advice about medicines, cures, as well as about working methods, if someone needs.

But there is an exception: the American Foulbrood. The beekeepers have to check this disease by themselves too. The Hungarian law says: every hives of the apiary (included bees, frames with honey, pollen and wax) have to be destroyed (partly or entirely) by fire, where the AFB has founded in. But if the beekeeper takes notice of AFB earlier than the health-inspector, the Ministry of Agriculture will pay back the 90% of the loss. The law says some other: the locality of the infected apiary have to be in quarantine. To migrate from there is not allowed through 90 days.
Annually the American Foulbrood rises its ugly head in 10-20 apiaries. To use any treatment or medicine is not allowed in Hungary. The European Foulbrood can happen too, but it may treat.

At the 50's, there was a rage epidemic of Nosema Apis among the bees. Presently we use Fumagillin DHC against this disease. The Tracheal mite doesn't cause real problems.
Our main problem is the Varroa mite. It arrived in 1978 from the south-eastern direction. The mites destroyed the 70% of the colonies in 1978. We use formic acid, Perizin, Apistan or Bayvarol against Varroa.

The Acosphaera Apis caused an epidemic of Chalkbrood Disease in 1955.

The other wrong-doer is the Bee-eater (Merops Apiaster). Their big bevies make a lot of problems, but they are protected.
There are other animals, which cause more-less problems, but those are not important.

----------------------

History of the Hungarian Beekeeping

The Hungarian beekeeping looks back on a long history:

At the Capital of Province Pannonia of the Roman Empire (western part of the present Hungary), what is named Aquincum, the archeologists have found shapes for parliament-cake making. It must have been expert beekeeping behind of this craft.

Barbarian tribes came this area, after the downcoming of The Roman Empire, but they did not know too much about bees.

Later the bee hunting became the main method of getting honey. The honey hunters did not plunder the bees downright, thus the colony could overvinter. Trusted in it, the hunters signed their trees.

In 1015, the parliament-cake makers (pistardus) were mentioned on the papers of Monastery of Pécsvárad. Also some skeps were mentioned on the warrant of the Abbey of Tihany.

In a very important battle, the protectors of Fortress Nándorfehérvár threw down skeps onto the obsidians.

In the medieval, (during the reign of King Matthias, this time was the golden age of Hungary), the venders exported Hungarian honey, parliament-cake and beeswax to the neighboring countries. In this time, two pints of honey were equal a pint lard, or five pints of honey were equal a cartful of shingle.

Nicholas Horhi's book about the bee keeping was printed in the seventeenth century. There were a lot of superstitions in this book, its title was Tractatum de Apibus. (1636)

In 1770, Queen Mary-Theresa founded a beekeeper school. The teachers instructed the students how to use tools, equipment, how to rear queens, catch swarms, and how to harvest honey. There were 30 colony in the bee yard of the school.

The beekeeping was introduced as part of of the curriculum of the so called "Georgicon", the first agricultural college in Europe, in 1789.

The conventional beekeepers harvested honey by killing their bees, and after they cut out the combs of the skep. From 1794, Samuel Tessedik kept his bees without this method. He did a lot to plant Acacia and other good nectar sources around Hungary.

In the nineteenth century, the peasantry didn't run on beekeeping, thus it became hobby of the teachers, pastors and landowners.

Josef Jakab kept his bees in hives, which contained frames with honeycomb, in the end of the century, at the town Komárom. Some historian researcher says it was in 1840. (!)

Boczonádi showed his hive at first time in 1913. It has 24 frames, which dimensions are 42cm x 36cm. This hive is mostly used actually.

Presently 16.700 beekeepers and 690.400 hives are in Hungary. The average number of hives per beekeeper is 41. Only few full-time beekeeper works here, whom have 400-700 hives. The colonies produce annually 10-17.000 tons of honey for the Hungarian and foreign markets. We export 7-15.000 tons of honey every year. We take 1% from the world honey trade and 8-10% from market of the European Union.

----------------------

Bee Forage
There is 800 variety of plants which produce nectar or pollen in Hungary. But only 40-50 varieties give surplusage to the beekeepers.
Hungary has good climatic, topographical and other natural features. Its large planted forests, nice flowery meadow lands and agricultural plants accommodate our bees with everything, what they need for.

The mostly important plants of our bee forage in blooming order:
Hazel (Corylus avellana). Willow-tree (Salix Alba). Almond (Amydalus communis). Apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris). Maple (Acer plataniodes, A. pseudo-platanus, A. campestre). Plum (Prunus domestica). Cherry-tree (Cerasus avium). Sour (Cerasus vulgaris). Coleseed (Brassica napus oleifera). Apple (Malus domestica). Cow-grass (Trifolium incarnatum). White mustard (Sinapsis alba). Acacia or Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Linden (Tilia platyphyllos, T. argentea, T. cordata). Raspberry (Rubus idaeus). Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). Chestnut (Castanea sativa). Sweet clover (Melilotus albus, M. officinalis). Evodia-tree (Evodia huphensis). Phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia). Silkweed (Asclepias syriaca). White clover (Trifolium repens). Sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Woundwort (Stachys annua). Golden-rod (Solidago).

Our main nectar source is the Acacia or Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia). Its bloom starts in the very early of the season, about from middle of May, through 20 days. Unfortunately, it feels the cold. But its honey is really great: delicious, clean, white-greenish colored and not able to crystallize through three years (!). The acacia forests don't require pesticides, and we reck not to use any medicine through the blooming, thus this honey is not containing any rest of chemicals.

There are a lot of hybrids of sunflower what gives honey, not only pollen. Its honey has golden yellow color. It is very good to turn it to creamed honey.

These are the plants from which our bees collect harvestable pollen: oak (Quercus), rape (Brassica napus), phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia), sunflower (Helianthus annuus), squash (Cucurbita), and the golden-rod (Solidago).

----------------------

About Hungary

Hungary is at the eastern part of Europe. The nearby countries: Slovakia, Ukraina, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria. There are about ten million people on this little, nice and green land. Our land is in the Carpatian Basin. The mountains around the basin give us good, stable weather.

We are called Hungarians, but we call ourselves to "Magyar", after our ancestors. The ancestors came from somewhere far North-East-Asia. Seven nomadic tribes arrived to the today territory of Hungary, in 896. Thus this country is 1100 years old. Our only heritage is this strange language (it has Mongolian, Turkish, Finnish and Slavonic vocabulary, with mixed grammar of these).We have many wars in or history, because this is a puffer state. It lays on the border of Eastern and Western Empires.

Two big rivers flow across the country: the Duna (Danube) and the Tisza. Here is the biggest lake of Europe: the Lake Balaton. There are many forests, two big fertile plains, and few mountains (hills) in Hungary. The best times to visit this country are the spring and the summer, when everything is green. (But the fall and the winter are good too.) The climate is continental, temperate. Variable, but generally very pleasant. The summers are hot (32°C/90°F) and humid, the winters are mild (-10°C/14°F) and wet.

Our Capital is Budapest. About two million people are living here. Every fifth subject lives here. This town was effectly two towns: Buda and Pest. ("Pest" does not mean anything wrong in Hungarian. Originally it means "furnace, oven". Buda means water, because it has about hundred thermal springs). The town is separated in her middle by the Danube river. Buda is mountainous, Pest is plain. It is simply beautiful. The sight of the city is on the World Heritage List.

It is a nice country. Worth to come and see.

---------------------------

Our Honey

Acacia or Black Locust: A sweat, soft and less acidic honey, with the flavor and perfume of the acacia flowers. This is a really great honey. We very proud of it. Delicious, clean, white-greenish colored and not able to crystallize through three years (!). The acacia forests don't require pesticides, and we reck not to use any medicine through the blooming, thus this honey is not containing any rest of chemicals.

Sunflower: Golden yellow, but it darkens by age. Its flavor strong, acidic, but really delicious. It is able to crystallize quickly, but it is very good for creamed honey.

Rape: Yellow, less acidic. It turns white by the rapid crystallization.

Linden flower: Its is in variety colors. Usually brownish. It has a very strong perfume and pleasant taste. Used against bronchitis.

Silkweed: It has very strong, special spicy perfume and flavor. It is a kind of Hungarian specialty.

Chestnut: Yellowish-brown colored. This honey has high mineral content. It has the perfume of the chestnut flowers. Its aftertaste is slightly bitter.

Other varieties: We produce varieties of honey in small quantities, like phacelia, woundwort, euphorbia and many others.

---------------------------











A season
The particular, stable weather of the country depends on the mountains around the Carpatian Basin, which hold off the cold-waves and arrest the in-going fronts. The season starts at March until the middle of September...

Equipments
Hives: There are a lot of varieties of hives in Hungary. The mostly used type is the "Nagy Boczonádi", or shortly: "NB". Its frame is huge. The dimensions of it: 42 cm wide and 36 cm high. This hive is called...

Bee Diseases in Hungary
There is a well working system in Hungary, which can help us really good. The physical condition of our bees must be checked by a local health-inspector, before every migrating, as well as before and after the season...

History of the Hungarian Beekeeping
The Hungarian beekeeping looks back on a long history: At the Capital of Province Pannonia of the Roman Empire (western part of the present Hungary), what is named Aquincum...
Our Honey
Acacia or Black Locust: A sweat, soft and less acidic honey, with the flavor and perfume of the acacia flowers. This is a really great honey. We very proud of it. Delicious, clean, white-greenish colored and not able to crystallize through three years (!). The acacia forests don't require pesticides, and we reck not to use any medicine through the blooming, thus this honey is not containing any rest of chemicals. Sunflower: Golden yellow, but it darkens by age. Its flavor strong, acidic, but really delicious...
Bee Forage
There is 800 variety of plants which produce nectar or pollen in Hungary. But only 40-50 varieties give surplusage to the beekeepers. Hungary has good climatic, topographical and other natural features. Its large...

About Hungary
Hungary is at the eastern part of Europe. The nearby countries: Slovakia, Ukraina, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria. There are about ten million people on this little, nice and green land...